Spending time in the great outdoors is an adventurous, meditative, and even romantic engagement. You get to break away from your usual routine as you work on your health and well-being.
Tents are the accommodation of choice while out there and determine how enjoyable your time will be. Imagine if your tent collapsed in the middle of the night due to strong winds.
You'd most likely be on your way back home at dawn, with angry friends or family adding to your misery.
Here is a guide on how to stake a tent to prevent such embarrassments. You'll manage to keep your people safe and look like a pro next time you go camping.
Why Properly Staking a Tent Is Important
A tent consists of a fabric, usually canvas, poles, ropes, and stakes. While erecting a tent, you'll set up the frame using the poles, and then cover them with the fabric.
You'll then stretch the fabric and secure it using ropes attached to the material and the stakes.
Staking means holding the stretched fabric, keeping the entire structure erect. The wooden or metal stakes have a hook or hole on one end where you tie the tent ropes, with the sharp end driven into the ground.
Staking your tent correctly is essential because it adds these qualities to the structure:
A fully erect tent will have its roof stretched out, thus allowing rainwater to roll off the top. If the roof weren't fully stretched, it would trap rainwater, eventually finding its way into the tent. If not, the roof would get too heavy and collapse on the tent occupants.
In addition, the stretched fabric allows for proper closing of the door flaps, which makes the tent waterproof. Those flaps won't close well in a less than fully stretched-out tent, allowing water to seep into the tent.
Enhances Wind Resistance
Strong winds can knock down a poorly erected tent. Stakes play a vital role in keeping the tent stretched out, which gives the structure better wind resistance. When the wind exerts pressure on a loosely hanging tent fabric, it will push it in. Bending the tent inwards will create enough force to topple it over.
Improves Tent Durability
If your tent keeps collecting water on the roof and flapping to the wind, the fabric will wear off fast.
Therefore, you need to ensure it is stretched out properly to minimize wind and rainfall impact.
In addition, proper staking prevents the fabric from touching the ground, further damaging the tent.
How to Stake a Tent: The Guide
Pick a Suitable Site
When you reach your preferred destination, you should scout the area for a suitable tent site. While erecting the tent under a tree might be tempting, falling twigs will keep you up all night.
In addition, squirrels occupying the tree may cause a racket that'll scare the kids.
Pick a spot where the ground is level, with no tree roots jutting out of the ground. Check that the site is away from a footpath, with minimal vegetation cover.
Imagine sleeping on a surface where a tree root digs into your ribs all night or people moving about outside.
Pick the Right Time
You need to erect the tent when the weather is calm. Strong winds will make the process harder by blowing the fabric, leading to a poorly erect tent.
Therefore, arrive at your camping spot in good time and proceed to erect the tent before it gets too windy. Rainfall is not an ally either since water seeping into the tented area will make for an uncomfortable stay.
Furthermore, you need to set up the tent while there is daylight. You're likely to make mistakes once it gets dark, such as using fewer stakes than necessary.
Focus on the Task at Hand
While it seems obvious, it's concerning how people ignore this bit. Once you start the setup process, avoid distractions until you finish. The excitement of being outdoors with friends, or your kids' demands, could make you stop the process.
By the time you get back to it, you may be short of time, or the weather may have changed. That's when you're likely to make mistakes and poorly erect the tent.
Therefore, take some time to set up the tent properly. You could even do it first before all the excitement and with everyone's help.
Tie Enough Guy Lines
Guy lines are the ropes attached to the fabric that ties or hooks to the stakes. They help keep the tent structure erect while maximizing the space inside the tent.
Therefore, ensure you have enough of them to offer the most space and tent rigidity.
Drive Stakes Into the Ground at the Right Angle
How well the stakes anchor to the ground determines the tent's overall structural integrity. The best way is to drive the corner stakes into the ground at a 45-degree angle.
All other stakes should be driven into the ground straight down. Let the slanted stakes face away from the tent center for maximum grip.
Additionally, bring extra stakes just in case the weather proves to be wilder than anticipated.
Carry the Right Tools for Staking
Don't forget to carry a hammer for driving the stakes into the ground. Should you forget to bring the hammer, you can use a rock, the back of an ax, a metal beam, or such items. The idea is to provide a firm base for tying the guy lines.
Avoid using your foot to drive down the stakes. You need the pressure on the stake to go straight down; unfortunately, your foot movements shift, causing it to deliver such pressure at an angle.
Therefore, you will damage the stakes or leave them loose as the angled pressure loosens the dirt around the stake.
Pick the Right Tent Stakes
When choosing stakes, consider the length, surface area, and terrain characteristics. While different lengths suit different terrains, the longer the stake, the better its hold on the ground. We'll discuss the stakes some more later.
Use More Stakes for a Stronger Hold
Your initial terrain assessment may mislead you, leaving you with a weakly stakes tent. As a precaution and remedy, drive down more stakes to hold the tent securely.
You'd rather have more stakes than are necessary than risk your tent falling apart when you're least prepared.
If It's Too Easy, You're in Trouble
Avoid instances where you find it almost impossible to drive the stakes into the ground. Instead, pick another spot to avoid damaging your stakes.
At the same time, you shouldn't find it too easy since such stakes will quickly come off the ground.
A little wind or rainfall will have your group miserably trying to hold the tent up throughout the night.
Consider Trip Hazards
When picking spots for the stakes, avoid the area immediately next to the tent entrance. You don't want people to trip over the ropes as they enter or leave the tent.
In addition, ensure you tie the rope to the stake neatly since hanging ends are also a trip hazard.
Use Reinforcements Where Necessary
You can make some out of tree branches if you don't carry enough stakes. You only need a machete to cut the branches to the correct size, sharpen the bottoms, and carve out sections for tying the guy lines.
In addition, you may need to secure those lines to a tree or a rock nearby if the ground doesn't provide ample anchorage.
Types of Stakes
Stakes differ in terms of their shape and the material used in their construction:
This stake has the Y shape from the top view, thus the name. The shape helps it minimize bending, prevent spinning in the ground, and increase its durability. As such, Y-stakes are among the most durable stakes you can buy.
The V-stake has a V shape from the top view and resists bending while avoiding spinning in the ground. This stake is durable, falling short of the Y-stake.
Shepherd's Hook Stake
This stake is the most common, lightest, and easiest to use but easily spins in the ground. Thicker shepherd's hook stakes help minimize the spinning but weigh slightly more.
Nail Type Stake
These are the lightest stakes but also the most susceptible to spin. In addition, these stakes lack a hook, making it easy for the guy lines to slip off.
These stakes are the lightest yet toughest. They are ideal for rugged terrain and are thinner than aluminum stakes, making them easier to drive into the ground. Therefore, they are suitable for rocky or snowy terrain. However, they are also the priciest.
Aluminum stakes are rigid and lightweight, but they can't bend too far without breaking. Therefore, they are ideal for medium-density terrain.
These stakes aren't as popular as aluminum ones, but they are tougher. However, they weigh more and also tend to cost more.
While assessing the ground for erecting your tent, you must be keen on that surface. For example, a sandy surface may allow easy staking, but those stakes will likely come off.
Therefore, you need stakes firmly planted with a large surface area for a sure anchor. The looser the sand, the longer the stakes you’ll need. Similarly, invest in screw-type stakes for a stronger hold.
The best solution is to use titanium or steel stakes on frozen ground. Such stakes are tough enough to drill through the surface and provide a secure grip.
On snowing surfaces, you’ll need to reinforce the stakes by tying some of the guy lines to surface elements like rocks or trees.
You can use most stakes on gravel surfaces, provided you drive them straight down.
Since gravel pieces can easily change the direction of the stake, thus damaging it, you’ll need a hammer for this. Using your feet is the surest way to damage your stakes.
In windy areas, you only need to erect the tent properly, regardless of the surface or stakes.
A well-planted tent can withstand the strongest winds, except for extreme weather conditions.
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Staking determines how well a tent will serve you when camping. Therefore, you need the right tools to set up your tent before you go out there. This guide teaches you how to stake a tent easily and effectively.